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Abstract—This paper discusses the history of Indian education in South Africa before 1994 and beyond, focusing on the origin, intended purpose, challenges encountered, and its transformation post-1994. It unpacks the administrative objectives of the Apartheid Government education system for the Indian Community and its psychological and social implications on gender, religion, culture, politics, and economics. This analysis will give readers an in-depth understanding of Indian education and its implications. It also explores the role of language, culture, and religion in development and education matters. For example, English, Afrikaans, and other languages were imposed on Indian communities as a medium of instruction in missionary schools. Finally, this paper deliberates on the implications of this education system for the quality of educational output for learners at that time (before 1994) and even today.
Keywords: Before 1994 and After, Educational Psychology, Indian Education 

Ndhlovu, E. P. (2023). History and implications of Indian education in South Africa in the era before 1994 and after: An educational psychology approach. International Journal of Studies in Psychology, 3(2), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.38140/ijspsy.v3i2.910.